Q. What is an effective way to introduce an article without an author in a research paper?


In APA and MLA, you usually would use some form of the title of the work in your in-text citation. Start with what the source said, and add the in-text citation to the end. The Purdue OWL (Purdue's Online Writing Lab) has excellent suggestions for APA and MLA. The following are examples from the Purdue OWL style guides:

APA Unknown Author

If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks:

A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using APA," 2001).

MLA In-Text Citations for Unknown Author

When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it's a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites) and provide a page number:

We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . ." ("Impact of Global Warming" 6).


  • Last Updated Nov 15, 2016
  • Views 9
  • Answered By Ashley Ireland

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